This chapter only refers to dedicated urban rail systems. To read about tickets for regular trains, go to our train article.
In the case of dedicated urban rail system, there is no easy answer as to what tickets to buy.
This is because, unlike regular inner-city public transport, there is a very large difference between taking
the urban rail 2 kilometers east and 40 kilometers east, which can both be done - quite unlike the metro, where
the upper limit is not nearly as high.
types of ticketing systems
zones (Warsaw's SKM & WKD)
In a zone system, you buy a ticket for a specific amount of zones - in Warsaw, it's either 1 (inner city) or 2 (outskirts) - or both.
You also have to pay attention to time - for example, you can buy a 75-minute ticket for both zones, which does let you travel freely
with any type of public transport, including urban rail, within those zones, until the 75 minutes expire.
Please note that the above applies mainly to SKM. WKD has a three-zone system which is based only on time traveled and with tickets
costing up to 7 zł [1.5 EUR] per trip per person.
In this system, you must specify what station you are departing from and headed to as you buy the ticket. Then, the price is calculated based
on the distance between the two - and it can be as high as 20 zł [4.7 EUR] for ŁKA, though is usually below 10 zł [2.3 EUR] per trip per person.
fixed fare (Bydgoszcz and Toruń's BiTCity)
In the case of the BiTCity urban rail system, there is only one route to take - Bydgoszcz to Toruń, which costs 10 zł [2.3 EUR] each way.
To learn more about the urban rail ticket system in a given city, visit the city's article.
how to buy tickets
This is fairly easy. Tickets can be bought using ticket machines, which can all be set to English and are available at any urban rail station.
Of course, you need to know what type of ticket you need, but your options will be presented in the ticket machine system.
You can pay by card or by cash, and there is no need to buy a ticket in advance or online.
Here's what you can expect your choices to be: in zone systems, there will be tickets for either 1 or 2 zones and for set amounts of time.
In distance systems, you will have to choose your destination and simply buy a ticket to this destination.
In fixed fare systems, you will only be able to buy one type of ticket, valid on the entire network.
ticket machine type in Warsaw
ticket machine type in Cracow
, and Łódź
city centre (excluding the surrounding aglomeration and towns), the tickets you buy
in ticket machines must be validated using a ticket validation machine already at the platform/station or as soon
as you enter the train. In Warsaw
, where tickets have a time limit, the time starts running as soon as
the ticket is validated. In Gdańsk
, it is important to validate the ticket because tickets do not specify what time
the train departs and arrives, which means that, without mandatory validation, it would be possible to reuse the same ticket
over and over.
's aglomeration and surrounding cities, Bydgoszcz/Toruń, and Katowice, the ticket you buy is already dedicated to a specific
train, which means that it does not have to be validated.
You must always have a valid ticket at your disposal while traveling by urban rail.
ticket not requiring validation
ticket validation machine
modern ticket validation machine