Poland has a temperate, continental climate. This means that there are 4 distinct seasons per year: spring, winter, summer, and autumn.
This chapter will walk you through all four and how they manifest themselves in the various parts of Poland.
Poland is quite lovely in spring, though perhaps mainly because February is an awful month in the country weather-wise, making
March look fantastic. Nature, and especially flowers, begins to bloom and thrive in late March, and temperatures rise steadily throughout the whole season.
City life begins to flourish, and outdoor activities and picnics can be seen everywhere from late April. The days also become increasingly longer,
which has a positive effect on energy levels. Heavy wind or rain are infrequent after March.
In mid-March, temperatures reach 5°C by day and -2°C by night on average. In mid-April, it's 12°C by day and 3°C by night.
Mid-May yields temperatures of 19°C by day and 9°C by night, and, finally in mid-June you can expect 23°C by day and 12°C by night.
Now, there are a few corrections to make here. The northeast and far south are typically a bit colder, approximately by 2°C on average.
What is more, if one only took the average from the last 5 years, where it has been significantly hotter, it would likely be 2°C warmer on average.
Central Poland in March
Warsaw in April
Western Poland in June
Cracow in June
Summer in Poland gets really hot - typically a little hotter than in countries like Germany or France. However, rain is more common in the summer -
though it is very welcome by everyone, helping prevent wildfires and cooling off after days of heat. Despite the warmth, Poland is fantastic in this
period, and especially Northern Poland with its lakes and large cities with a lot of shade. The population center moves much closer to the coast in the summer,
and there are more activities for kids. Its a time of picnics, festivals, biking, and sunbathing.
In mid-July, the average temperature is 24°C by day and 14°C by night. In mid-August, it's 23°C by day and 13°C by night on average.
However, like with spring, it has been significantly hotter in the last 5 years than that, perhaps closer to 3°C more. It is generally hotter
in dry areas like Central Poland and Southern Poland in this period (approximately 2°C hotter), and a bit cooler near the coast, perhaps thanks to the wind.
Polish coast in July
Northeastern Poland in August
Warsaw in August
Szczecin in July
In autumn, the days start getting noticeably shorter and bleaker. Though not as visible in September, urban life begins to hide inside buildings.
Rain is prevalent and rain mixed with snow begins to appear in November. Throughout September in October, the colorful trees are the only thing to
brighten up one's mood. By late November, there are no leaves left and nature goes into hibernation.
Average temperatures in mid-September reach 19°C by day and 9°C by night. In October, it's 13°C by day and 5°C by night already.
In mid-November, they dip to 6°C by day and 1°C by night on average. In this period, Northern Poland and Southern, especially Southeastern Poland, are a little colder
than the rest of the country, typically by 2°C.
Central Poland in September
Wrocław in October
Coast in November
Łódź in November
Though not in the last 5 years, Poland sees significant amounts of snow in the winter. Snow brings out some life, especially among children,
and ski resorts and winter-wonderland-towns begin to flourish in Southern Poland. Ice skating is a very popular activity in Poland in this time as well.
If you are worried about the roads, don't be unless you're going far south, which, in winter, you should be doing. Roads can be slipper and snowfall
can be to heavy to properly defrost the roads, so be very careful on hilly terrain. This is not to say that it's very dangerous - millions of people
drive there every day, and, though accidents do happen, thanks to the slow driving they rarely end in serious injury.
In December, temperatures average out at 2°C by day and -2°C by night. In mid-January, they dip to 0°C by day and -6°C by night.
By mid-February, they return to a healthier... no, they stay the same as in January. Sorry. Something to note is that in Southern Poland and Eastern Poland
temperatures tend to be a bit lower, approximately by around 2°C, while in Northwestern Poland they tend to be a bit warmer, by 1°C on average.
In recent years, it has also generally been a bit warmer during the winter, with less snowfall outside of the mountains.
Zakopane in January
Cracow in February
Polish ski resort in January
Gdańsk in February
when is the best time to go?
It depends where you're going and what for. If you're going to Northern Poland, it's July-August. In Central Poland, it's May-June or September. In Southern Poland, it's May-June for trekking
and January for skiing. If you're going to be staying in large cities, it's definitely June.
Though Poland does get a bit more touristy in the summer, it never reaches annoying levels - not even close, not even in Cracow. You do not have to worry
about tourists ruining the atmosphere in Poland. Also, you should know that it's not worth it to come to Poland for Christmas, as the decorations
are not amazing and celebrations are kept private.