Poland's borders with Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast (to the north), Belarus (to the northeast), and Ukraine (to the southeast) are non-Schengen borders
with regular border crossings. See a map of non-Schengen borders and crossings below.
what are non-Schengen borders like?
Non-Schengen borders with Poland have a few dozen border crossings, some larger and some smaller, which are regular border crossings
with border police
, document inspections, customs services, and barriers. They can be crossed by car
or on foot.
Typically, a non-Schengen border is comprised of two elements - the departing country's section and the arriving country's section,
each with their own procedure and border guards.
This is how the procedure looks when arriving in/departing from Poland. You wait in line, drive up to the border guard booth of the
departing country, show relevant documents (likely car ownership documents
and passport), are let through the barrier, drive up
to the arriving country's border guard booth, show relevant documents, possibly state reason for entry, and are let through the barrier.
large non-Schengen crossing
small non-Schengen crossing
what documents do I need to cross?
This depends on the crossing, but, if necessary for your country of citizenship, you will need a visa to enter Russia, Belarus, Ukraine or Poland. You will also
need your passport, proof of ownership of your car or a certified permit from the owner, proper third-party insurance, a driver's license, and an International Driving Permit,
if necessary (read more about IDPs in our long-distance car travel article
how long does it take to cross?
This depends on the size of the border crossing. Large crossings like Korczowa (Ukraine) or Terespol (Belarus) can take up to 2 hours to fully clear, but this
is mainly due to the queues. Small crossings usually don't take more than 1 hour to clear.
Note that the times above are estimates and don't account for extreme situations and political changes. They also assume that
you have all the necessary documents in place at arrival.
extreme queues at Korczowa (Ukraine)